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LAW 690B - Human Rights Advocacy (Prof. Ludsin, Spring 2023)

Human Rights Treaties

UN Core Human Rights Treaties: With dates and treaty monitoring bodies

Status of Ratification Interactive Dashboard: Status of ratification of the 18 international human rights treaties by country, with declarations.

UN Universal Human Rights Instruments: Longer list of treaties and documents, arranged by topic

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Treaties

Council of Europe TreatiesIncludes the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

OAU/AU Treaties, Conventions, Protocols & ChartersAfrican Union treaties with dates and status lists

Transboundary and Freshwater Treaties and Policy

GlobaLex Research Guide on Transboundary Freshwater Treaties and Other ResourcesFreshwater treaties and resources, with links to agreements, IGOs, NGOs, international water commissions, and secondary sources.

Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-GeneralFind UN treaties by subject area, including Environment (Chapter XXVII), with status, citation in UNTS, and participants. 

 FAOLEXNational legislation, regulations, and international agreements on food, agriculture, and natural resources management. One of the topic areas is Water.

International Freshwater Treaties DatabaseSearchable database of summaries or full-text of more than 600 international freshwater agreements from 1820 to 2007, but with an ongoing update to 2019. Find by basin, countries, date signed, and treaty topic.

International Water Law Project: Treaties and international agreements, including regional. Also has UN Declarations and Resolutions, International Law Association documents, cases from the Permanent Court of International Justice, ICJ, and PCA, links to IGOs and Transboundary Water Management Organizations, and a bibliography.

WaterLex: Archive website 2010-2020. Water law and policy frameworks, legislation, and treaties on the right to water and sanitation. 

World Bank Development Information on Water: Includes projects, news, data

World Bank Fact Sheet: Information on the Indus Waters Treaty of 1960 with links


International Courts

Oxford Reports on International Law includes full-text international decisionson human rights and international criminal law, from international courts, domestic courts, and the UN human rights tribunals. Browse options include subject (with a long list of subtopics), jurisdiction, and state party. The Oxford Law Citator provides citations to documents and related citing cases and documents.

Oxford International OrganizationsKey primary documents of international organizations with commentary. Includes judgments and rules of international courts.  Articles include links to journal articles and materials cited and the Oxford Law Citator

International Justice Resource Center: News, court calendars, reports, and documents of cases currently before the UN tribunals.

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights has decisions, judgments, advisory opinions, and pending cases available in pdf and as Word documents. Most are available only in Spanish, some in English, Portuguese, or French. The site also has Rules of Procedure and international human rights instruments.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: Cases before the Court, and Petition and Case System Procedure

The International Criminal Court has judgments and pending case information from the ICC. The Resource Library section has the text of the Rome Statute and the court's Rules of Procedure and Evidence, Elements of Crimes, and Chambers' Practice Manual.

The ICC's Legal Tools Database has ICC documents, legal instruments, national legislation, national cases, human rights decisions, and other international legal decisions. 

HUDOC is the searchable database of  caselaw of the European Court of Human Rights. Search by treaty article, state, or keyword.

Global Health and Human Rights Database: Judgments by health and human rights topic, country, or international body, plus international instruments. 


Human Rights Reports

State Department Country Reports on Human Rights: Retrieve individual country reports or build reports on issues across countries. 

UNHCR Refworld (UN Refugee Agency): Reports and policy documents from the UN, governmental organizations, NGOs, and academic institutions on human rights and humanitarian law topics. Refworld includes national caselaw and legislation related to refugees and asylum, and country profiles and reports. Search, or browse by country, author organization, or topic.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: Annual reports, plus reports and publications by country or theme. Thematic reports including on rights of indigenous peoples, rights of migrants, human rights defenders, and memory truth and justice.

European Country of Origin Information NetworkHuman rights reports from multiple countries and organizations, country profiles, and other documents for supporting asylum claims. Search by terms, filter by country, source, document type, or date.

ICTJ International Center for Transitional Justice: Documents and publications related to work pursuing accountability for past human rights abuses.

Human Rights FirstNews, FactSheets, and Reports on topics including Human Rights Defenders, Immigration Detention, and Refugee Protection. 

Human Rights Watch:  Browse the topics list to find news and reports.

Amnesty International:  Human rights news and research reports by topic and region or country.

World Justice Project: Rule of Law Index and Country Profiles on the country’s adherence to the rule of law, including rankings on Fundamental Rights.

ILGA (International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex Association): Entries by country with summaries and citations of laws related to sexual orientation.  The site also has the Annual State-Sponsored Homophobia Report with world laws on criminalization and discrimination.

SOWIP (State of the World's Indigenous Peoples): A publication of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Focus on issues including poverty and well-being, environment, health, human rights, and rights to lands and territories.

Human Rights Defenders

OHCHR (Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights): Who is a Defender

OHCHR Communication Report and Search: Search for reports by mandate (human rights defenders), session, region or state, date

Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders: Press releases, latest developments, publications, resolutions, annual reports and country visits

The Advocates for Human RightsResources for Human Rights Defenders including monitoring tools and a report of tools including an appendix listing grant sources, manuals and guides, and IGOs

Business & Human Rights Resource CentreIssue guide to COVID-19: Human Rights Defenders & Civic Freedoms. Links to trackers monitoring the impact of COVID-19 on civic freedoms and on journalism, a Front Line Defenders Guide, and a campaign page listing detained and released human rights defenders. 

International Service for Human Rights: News and topic articles on human rights defenders

Racial Justice and International Human Rights

United Nations:

Key Documents and Conventions:

Research Guides: 

Books and Treatises:

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