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Search Hedges- Emory University (Under Construction)

All of the search hedges featured on this page were created by Informationists at the Woodruff Health Sciences Center Library, Emory University. Please find citation information on the guide.

Pregnant Persons

 ("Pregnancy"[Mesh] NOT “Pregnancy, Animal”[MESH]) OR antenatal[tw] OR antepartum[tw] OR  ante-partum[tw] OR birth*[tw]  OR caesarean [tw] OR cesarean[tw] OR “c section*”[tw] OR “c-section*”[tw] OR "Delivery, Obstetric"[Mesh] OR episiotom*[tw] OR gestat*[tw] OR gravidity[tw] OR labor[tw] OR labour[tw] OR matern*[tw] OR miscarriage*[tw] OR perinatal[tw] OR perineotomy[tw] OR placenta*[tw] OR “Placenta”[MESH] OR “Obstetrics”[Mesh] OR “Obstetricians”[Mesh] OR pregnan*[tw] OR “Pregnancy Trimesters”[MESH] OR “Pregnant Women”[Mesh] OR prenatal[tw] OR pre-natal[tw] OR pre-term*[tw] OR preterm*[tw] OR parturient[tw] OR parturition[tw] OR “spontaneous abortion”[tw] OR stillbirth*[tw] OR stillborn[tw] OR trimester[tw]


This search hedge uses the MeSH definition of pregnancy from fertilization to birth. Spontaneous abortion is an included term as an occurrence rather than intervention.

  • Last Updated: October 2023
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Citation Information APA, Ver. 7:

Peterson, S. R., Leslie, S. L., Rogers, H. K., Nemeth, J., & White, M. S. (2023, March). Search Hedges- Emory University. Health Sciences Research Guides. Retrieved [xx], from

Other Terms to Consider:

  • abortion*
  • “early pregnancy loss”


pregnan* OR antenatal OR antepartum OR  ante-partum OR birth* OR caesarean OR cesarean OR “c section*” OR “c-section*” OR episiotom* OR gestat* OR gravidity OR labor OR labour OR matern* OR miscarriage* OR perinatal OR perineotomy OR placenta* OR obstetrics OR obstetrician* OR prenatal OR pre-natal OR pre-term* OR preterm* OR parturient OR parturition OR “spontaneous abortion” OR stillbirth* OR stillborn OR trimester