Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic
The U.S. Census Bureau has been conducting regular surveys on the economic and social impacts of the pandemic, including data on business formations, conditions for small businesses, personal health, mental health, and modeled estimates of "community resilience." The data are available in the form of tables, larger datasets, and via the Bureau's COVID-19 Data Hub.
COVID-19 Research Resources
The Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis has compiled publications by their economists and staff on various aspects of the pandemic, in terms of both its public health effects and its economic consequences. Various of the publications and commentaries have data associated with them. There is also a collection of links for data and additional resources, including dashboards for tracking relevant economic indicators and links to resources from other Federal Reserve System banks.
Database on Coronavirus (COVID-19) Trade Flows and Policies
As part of its compilation of COVID-19-related data resources, the World Bank has provided data on trade flows and policies for health-related products such as gloves, masks, and ventilators. The data are drawn from the Bank's World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS) database.
"Another Way to See the Recession: Power Usage is Way Down"
A novel, if not exactly reassuring, attempt to estimate the economic effects of COVID-19 via daily data on electricity consumption in the United States and in European countries. The article is not explicit on where the data come from, but there are links to research using similar data that can be used to trace backwards.
Impact of COVID-19 on Electricity Consumption and Particulate Pollution in the United States, European Union, India and China Combined
This site from the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago is referenced in the NYT article above, and it has a methodology section with more information about the underlying data used to measure daily electricity consumption in different countries.
GlobalData is a collection of marketing/research databases covering topics such as medical devices, pharmaceuticals, IT, consumer goods, and retail. The databases include various assessments of economic effects of the pandemic on specific areas, such as pharmaceutical research and vaccine trials, demand for medical equipment, and effects from changes in consumer behavior on individual industries. The link here is via the Goizueta Business Library; note the different options for accessing the databases. The databases are also available via the libraries' A-Z Databases.
Penn Wharton Budget Model (PWBM) Analysis of the Coronavirus Crisis
The Penn Wharton Budget Model from UPenn's Wharton School provides analyses and simulations of the economic effects of public policy and of policy proposals. The PWBM has been producing various analysis of the economic and health effects of the pandemic, including analyses of federal responses to it and a simulator (and data) of the health and economic effects of different scenarios of re-opening and social distancing.
University of Maryland COVID-19 Impact Analysis Platform
This project provides visualizations of state- and county-level data for the U.S on a variety of metrics for 4 different categories: Mobility and Social Distancing, COVID and Health, Economic Impact, and Vulnerable Population. The data are a mix of publicly-available data and estimated calculated by the project. See https://data.covid.umd.edu/about/index.html for a complete list of available indicators and for how to request access to the data for those indicators. See "Replication Data for: Quantifying Human Mobility Behavior Changes During the COVID-19 Outbreak in the United States" for a replication dataset making use of some data from this project.