was a publication of the United States Census Bureau, an agency of the United States Department of Commerce. Published annually from 1878 to 2011, the statistics described social and economic conditions in the United States. A commercial company, ProQuest took over production of the compendium. (Most) tables can be downloaded in .xls format. Key suggestion is to read the front matter and introductions to each of the sections, as these provide distinct and detailed explanations in terms of how certain indicators are reported and measured (and whether there are notable changes).
Social Explorer provides quick and easy access to current and historical census data and demographic information. Its contents include the entire U.S. Census from 1790 to 2010, annual updates from the American Community Survey, data on religious congregations for the United States for 2009 and 2010, decennial religious congregation data for 1980-2010, and carbon emissions data for 2002. Users can create reports and maps at various levels of geography, including counties, Census tracts, Census block groups, and ZIP codes, depending on data availability. Congressional districts and state legislative districts breakdowns are available for more recent years/
The Current Population Survey is a joint project between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the U.S. Census Bureau. The CPS is a monthly survey that collects basic socio-demographic information, labor force characteristics, and economic status. To access CPS data files, users can download the data from an FTP site or use various tools for creating tables from the microdata. Alternately, they can go to the National Bureau of Economic Research's CPS site or to IPUMS-CPS.
Access the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development's books, papers, studies, periodicals, and statistics. Great comparative data on economic and social trends, policies and developments across OECD member states. Data is easily downloadable, and significant analysis available.
U.S. government agency that provides official macroeconomic and industry statistics, most notably reports about the gross domestic product (GDP) of the United States and its various units—states, cities/towns/townships/villages/counties, and metropolitan areas. They also provide information about personal income, corporate profits, and government spending in their National Income and Product Accounts (NIPAs). Also produces a significant number of research papers.
Principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, which provides statistical information to guide actions and policies to improve the public health. Significant number of data tools for accessing health related indicators, as well as visualizing your results.
Part of the United States Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences (IES) that collects, analyzes, and publishes statistics on education and public school district finance information in the United States