|Use NEAR/# to indicate within how many words concepts should be from each other. For example: ant NEAR/3 colony will look for the word colony within 3 words on either side of ant.
|Use Near/# to indicate within how many words concepts should be from each other. For example heart N/3 surgery will look for the word surgery within 3 words on either side of heart.
NEAR/#: indicates within the number of words on either side of a term.
NEXT/#: directional from left to right. For instance: cardiovascular NEXT/2 surgery means the term surgery appears within 2 words of cardiovascular to the right of the term.
|APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms
|N#: to indicate within how many words concepts should be of each other in either direction. For example: bipolar N3 manic will look for manic within 3 words of bipolar to the left and right of it.
W#: if you want terms searched in one direction. For instance, schizophrenia W2 bipolar will look for bipolar within 2 words of schizophrenia but only to the right of schizophrenia.
W/#: "Indicates distance between words, but not the order - e.g. journal W/2 publishing, where journal can be found within a distance of two words from publishing"
Pre/#:"Terms must appear in a specific order between words - e.g. behavioral PRE/3 disturbances, where behavioral precedes disturbances within three words"
|Web of Science
|NEAR/#: Indicates within the number of words on either side of a term. For instance: cardiovascular NEAR/3 therapy means the term surgery appears within 2 words of cardiovascular on either side of cardiovascular.
Emory University licenses a Chrome extension called LibKey Nomad via our BrowZine license. Go to the Chrome Store and search for and install the libkey nomad (as seen below) by clicking on “Add to Chrome.”
Once you click on “Add to Chrome,” you will be asked to “Select an Institution:”
You will not see any type of confirmation that the extension has been added but you should see a green tear-drop looking icon in the far right corner of your browser that looks like below:
That is how you know that the extension has been installed. If you go to PubMed or another site, you will most likely see something like the image below. When you click on the “Download PDF” icon, if you have not already logged into a resource with your University NetID and password, you will be prompted to do so. Once you do so, it will take you immediately to the PDF, if available.
If Emory University Libraries do not have an article, book, or DVD you need, you can use the InterLibrary Loan Service. It is a free service provided by the Emory University Libraries for items unavailable in our print or online collections.
If you are seeking an article via PubMed and it is unavailable after clicking on the "Find It @Emory" button, you can click on on "Request via Interlibrary Loan" option. When you click on that link, you will be prompted for your University NetID and password. Once you login, you will see a populated request form. Click "Submit Request" at the bottom.
For items you are requesting not linking out from PubMed, go to: https://illiad.library.emory.edu/ and login with your University NetID and password.
Once you are on the ILLiad page, choose an option:
Populate the online form and click Submit Request at the bottom.
You should receive the article (pdf) within 1-2 business days.
A sample Animal Alternatives search is shown. A researcher who studies colitis is planning to induce inflammatory bowel disease in mice using dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) to study the effect of a new compound and wants to search for alternatives to having to sacrifice the mice to study the effects on the intestine. It is easiest to break the keywords up by topic so the first search keywords are related to disease or the condition studied and the second search keywords are related to the model organism being used and the third search keywords are related to animal welfare or animal alternatives. The searches can then be combined into one search at the end. After you develop basic search strategies you can fine tune the strategies to meet the needs of the search database you are using such as using proximity operators or truncations.
Search One Keywords: Inflammatory bowel disease OR ibd OR colitis
Search Two Keywords: murine OR mouse OR mice OR mus musculus OR rats OR rat or rat rattus
Search Three Keywords: Animal Welfare OR Humane Endpoint OR noninvasive OR Imagine OR biomarker
The final search would be the results of Search 1 AND 2 AND 3 combined.
Below are screen shots from the above search carried out in PubMed.
Search: Disease or Condition
Search 2: Organism
Search 3: Animal Welfare/Alternatives
Finally, you can use the Advanced feature below the search box in PubMed to combine the three searches into one search to end up with a final search with 2,366 results.
The Animal Welfare Information Information Center(AWIC) has sample animal alternative searches available to demonstrate how to structure your search. You can view the sample searches here: https://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/sample-searches. AWIC also provides useful worksheets that will help guide you through your animal alternatives search: https://www.nal.usda.gov/sites/default/files/altwksht_jan2020.pdf.
A helpful list of keywords and search hedges for Animal Alternative searches are available from Duke University's Medical Center Library and Archives: https://guides.mclibrary.duke.edu/animalalternatives/keywords. Using these keywords and search hedges might help you further structure your search.