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MESAS 370-3|AFS 389-3 Islam in Europe & the U.S. (Main)

Guides to Citing

For examples and help, see the Purdue Online Writing Lab -- Research & Citation Resource

Emory library also provides a guide to citation: https://guides.main.library.emory.edu/citing_your_sources

If you are not sure which citation style to use, this guide has helpful advice structured by discipline. You may also want to check with the intended recipient of your work to see if they have specific style requirements.

Avoid Plagiarism

Using the work of another scholar without proper citation, whether that work is available in print or online, is plagiarism, a violation of the Emory Honor Code. See the Citing your Sources guide for more information.

Style Guides

The Citing Your Sources research guide provides information on why you should cite your sources, plagiarism and how to avoid common mistakes, as well as a list of style manuals. A selected list of style manuals are listed below.

The Chicago Manual of Style Online
Also in print: 16th ed. Z253 .U69 2010 Reference Desk

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed.
In print: LB2369 .G53 2009 Reference Desk
See the Purdue Online Writing Lab MLA Formatting and Style Guide for some online help.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed.
In print: BF76.7 .P83 2010 Reference Desk
See the Purdue Online Writing Lab APA Formatting and Style Guide for some online help.

Zbib

ZoteroBib (Zbib) is a free service that helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device, without creating an account or installing any software. It’s brought to you by the team behind Zotero, the powerful open-source research tool recommended by thousands of universities worldwide, so you can trust it to help you seamlessly add sources and produce perfect bibliographies.

Chicago

What is Chicago style citation?

Chicago style is typically used in history and other humanities disciplines. There are two types of Chicago style: The author-date style uses parenthetical citations, which means that the citation information is within parentheses beside the quoted or paraphrased information. The note-bibliography (NB) style requires the use of footnotes or endnotes, which means that the citation information is either at the foot of the page or at the end of the article and is noted at the end of the quoted or paraphrased text with a number in superscript. 

How do I cite in Chicago style?

For help with Chicago style, see the following resources:

  • You can copy and paste a reference cited in Chicago style directly from many library databases and from Google Scholar (to cite from Google Scholar, click on the quotation mark underneath the reference).
  • You can also use a citation manager software, like Zotero or EndNote.

APA

What is the American Psychological Association (APA) style?

APA style is commonly used in the social sciences. It involves the use of parenthetical in-text citations, which means that the citation information is within parentheses.

How do I cite sources in APA style?

You can get help with APA from the following:

  • You can copy and paste a reference cited in APA style directly from many of the library databases and from Google Scholar (to cite from Google Scholar, click on the quotation mark underneath the reference).
  • You can also use a citation manager software, like Zotero or EndNote.

MLA

What is Modern Language Association (MLA) style?

MLA style is commonly used in the humanities. It involves the use of parenthetical in-text citations, which means that the citation information is within parentheses beside the quoted or paraphrased information.

How do I cite sources in MLA style?

You can get help with MLA from the following:

  • You can copy and paste a reference cited in MLA style directly from many of the library databases and from Google Scholar (to cite from Google Scholar, click on the quotation mark underneath the reference).
  • You can also use a citation manager software, like Zotero or EndNote.

ASA

What is ASA style?

ASA format is commonly used in Sociology. It involves the use of parenthetical in-text citations, which means that the citation information is within parentheses beside the quoted or paraphrased information.

How do I cite sources in ASA style?

You can get help with ASA from the following:

  • You can copy and paste a reference cited in ASA style directly from many of the library databases and from Google Scholar (to cite from Google Scholar, click on the quotation mark underneath the reference).
  • You can also use a citation manager software, like Zotero or EndNote.

EndNote & Zotero

Manage citations with Zotero or EndNote.

  • Collect citations online.
  • Organize them however you like.
  • Format bibliographies automatically.

Need help getting started? Use the EndNote or Zotero guide.

Zotero

Zotero helps you collect, manage, and cite research sources. Zotero allows you to attach PDFs, notes and images to your citations, organize them into collections for different projects, and create bibliographies using Word or Open Office.

EndNote

End​Note is a program that makes it possible to collect and organize references in a database and instantly create properly formatted bibliographies.