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Google Scholar Tips and Techniques

Perform more effective Google/Google Scholar Searches

Search Techniques to Optimize Results

You can use go directly to Advanced Google Search via: or go to Google Scholar, click on the hash marks in the top left and select the Advanced search option.  

Here are some search techniques that you can use directly in the Google Scholar search box without using the Advanced search feature.

  • To search exact phrases, search them in quotes.  For instance, "resistant hypertension" will yield results where those 2 terms will be right next to each other.
  • To search for any of the terms in the title, abstract, url, and essentially, any part of the web record that is searchable, use allintext:term term term.  For instance: allintext:resistant hypertension patients medications yields results where resistant, hypertension, patients, and medications appear somewhere in the web record.
  • To search for a topic and a specific word that appears in the title, use intitle.  For example, COVID vaccine intitle:children yields results where children appears in the title and COVID, vaccine appear in other parts of the web record.
  • To include a term, use + before the term: For example, if you are looking for resources that have children in the results, use: +children "COVID-19 vaccine"
  • To exclude a term, use - before the term.  For example, if you are looking for resistant hypertension articles but you do not want to retrieve books, use "resistant hypertension" -book
  • To retrieve more than 1 topic:  use OR (you do need to use all caps).  To retrieve information about hypertension in the elderly and in pregnancy: hypertension (pregnancy OR elderly)

For additional Google Search techniques: