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Citing Your Sources

Avoid plagiarism by citing your sources properly.

What you don't need to cite

You do NOT need to cite:

  • your own words, ideas and original research


  • things that are considered common knowledge, which include
    • facts that are found in many sources (ex: Marie Antoinette was guillotined in 1793.)
    • things that are easily observed (ex: Many people talk on cellphones while driving.)
    • common sayings (ex: Every man has his price.)