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Discovery Seminar - Drugs in Chemistry and Culture - Scharf - Fall 2021

This guide is for students in Dr. Scharf's Discovery Seminar: Drugs in Chemistry and Culture

  Citing Resources

Why do we need to cite resources that we get information from?

    To acknowledge that the information is from another source and is not our own.
     To give the reader necessary information to find the resource and do further research.
     To avoid plagiarism, or passing off the information as your own.


APA Style

The APA or American Psychological Association style of citation is mainly used for the social sciences. The style is currently in its 6th edition.

Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide


This resource, updated to reflect the APA Handbook (6th ed.), offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the references page. Check here for help citing more resources or make an appointment with an Oxford librarian!

Icons are from the Noun Project and under Creative Commons licence (CCBY): books by sandra, article by Arfan Khan Kamol, website by Julynn B.


Book Icon


Some example citations are below, from the Purdue OWL APA Guide. Follow the link for more examples!

How To Cite...

Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.

Noble, S. U. (2018). Algorithms of oppression: How search engines reinforce racism. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Artman, J., Sundquist, J., & Dechow, D. R. (2016). The craft of librarian instruction: Using acting techniques to create your teaching presence. Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries.

O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.


Article Icon


Some example citations are below, from the Purdue OWL APA Guide. Follow the link for more examples!

How To Cite...

McAninch, D. (2019, July 15). Seeing France’s Wild Mountains Through a Clouded, Classic Windshield. New York Times. Retrieved from

Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.

In Print

Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5-13.

From an Online Database

Herbst-Samm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Krasikov, S. (2019, July 13). What Children Remember From the War. [Review of the book Last Witnesses: An Oral History of the Children of World War II, by S. Alexievich]. New York Times. Retrieved from

Irwin, D. (2019, July 9). Wot I Think: Gato Roboto. [Review of the video game Gato Roboto, published by Devolver Digital, 2019]. Rock Paper Shotgun. Retrieved from


Website Icon


In APA style, individual webpages and documents hosted online are cited similarly to print content. Note, however, that the URL is typically included at the end of the entry. In APA style, you only need to include the date of access if the page's content will probably change over time (i.e. a wiki page).



Some example citations are below, from the Purdue OWL APA Guide. Follow the link for more examples!

How To Cite...

Oxford College Library. (n.d.). Mission and Vision - Oxford College Library - Emory University. [Web page]. Retrieved from

Manila, A. (n.d.). Coconut Cream Pie Smoothie Recipe. [Web page]. Retrieved from

Oxford College Library. (2019, April 9). Libraries = Strong Communities: Celebrating National Library Week. [Blog post]. Retrieved from