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Milestone ePortfolio Citation

This guide is intended to help students with citation for their Milestone ePortfolio projects.

Finding Images and Audio

Always assume that an image, video, or audio file posted on the web can't be used without permission of the creator unless it has a license that states otherwise.

To find images available through Creative Commons and other licenses:

To find audio available through Creative Commons and other licenses:

  • You can use audio from websites where creators have posted their work for others to use, like Free Music Archive, dig.ccMixter, or FreeSound. Be sure to check the specific license requirements of the file you want to use!

How to Make a Caption for a Personal Photo/Video

General tips for captioning personal photos and videos - see our Citation Guide for specific style information.

What to Include:

  • Who took the photo
  • A description of the photo
  • The date it was taken
  • Where you got it from (Facebook, your personal collection, etc)

Description Tips:

  • Include relevant information like where it was taken, the event taking place, and who is in the photo.
  • Use present tense.
  • Be specific: if identifying a person or thing in a group photo, indicate where in the frame it is; in a video, indicate the timestamp.
  • Don't get too fancy! The caption is to help the reader better understand the context and origin of the photo/video.

Always make sure you get the permission of the people in the photo if their face is showing, or their guardians if they are minors!


Two example photo captions.

Oxford Library Staff

Fig. 1. Chris Garofalo, Photo of staff at Oxford College Library in front of library entrance including Dean Kitty McNeill (center), in spring 2019. Oxford College Library Instagram.

Photo of spinach

Fig. 2. Paige Crowl, Photo of a piece of spinach that appears to be smiling, in a spinach salad purchased from Highland Bakery at Emory University in Atlanta, 2017. Personal collection.