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First Year Composition - Research Guide

What is citation?

Citing material -- by including it in a bibliography and by using in text citations -- allows readers to know whose ideas you are using. This gives the original authors credit, and it forms the basis of your own authority as a writer.

The role of a citation is for your reader to be able to see easily where your evidence comes from, and to track down and read or view those materials themselves:

  • who is to from? (author name),
  • when is it from? (date),
  • where is it from? (publication, publisher)

Citation styles are based on disciplines and are a central feature of the scholarly conversation. Part of forming your own authority as a writer is using the citation style correctly -- including things like correct punctuation.

Citation Help!

ZoteroBib is a free service that helps you quickly create a bibliography in any citation style.

You can also get help with citation styles like MLA, APA, Chicago:  Research & Citation Resources from Purdue's Online Writing Lab