Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
 
 

HIST 319W: Imperial Russian History

Chicago

What is Chicago style citation?

Chicago style is typically used in history and other humanities disciplines. There are two types of Chicago style: The author-date style uses parenthetical citations, which means that the citation information is within parentheses beside the quoted or paraphrased information. The note-bibliography (NB) style requires the use of footnotes or endnotes, which means that the citation information is either at the foot of the page or at the end of the article and is noted at the end of the quoted or paraphrased text with a number in superscript. 

How do I cite in Chicago style?

For help with Chicago style, see the following resources:

  • You can copy and paste a reference cited in Chicago style directly from many library databases and from Google Scholar (to cite from Google Scholar, click on the quotation mark underneath the reference).
  • You can also use a citation manager software, like Zotero or EndNote.

EndNote

End​Note is a program that makes it possible to collect and organize references in a database and instantly create properly formatted bibliographies.

Zotero

Zotero helps you collect, manage, and cite research sources. Zotero allows you to attach PDFs, notes and images to your citations, organize them into collections for different projects, and create bibliographies using Word or Open Office.